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Publications


Click on each heading to view the publications in each category. Re-clicking the heading will close it.

Cricket

Orchard JW, Kountouris A, Sims K. Risk factors for hamstring injuries in Australian male professional cricket players. Journal of Sport and Health Science. 2017/05/12/ 2017. Full text

Orchard, J., Ranson, C., Olivier, B., Dhillon, M., Gray, J., Langley, B., Mansingh, A., Moore, I., Murphy, I., Patricios, J., et al (2016). International consensus statement on injury surveillance in cricket: a 2016 update. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(20), 1245-1251. Full text

Orchard, J., Kountouris, A., Sims, K. (2016). Incidence and prevalence of elite male cricket injuries using updated consensus definitions. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, 7, 187-194. Full text

McNamara, D., Gabbett, T., Naughton, G., Orchard, J. (2016). How submarine and guided missile technology can help reduce injury and improve performance in cricket fast bowlers. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(16), 962-963. Abstract

Orchard, J, Puranik, R., Semsarian, C., Orchard, J., Samra, D., Duflou, J., Groenestein, P., Young, M., Brukner, P., Kountouris, A. (2016). Prevention of sudden cardiac death in cricketers. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine Education and Research, 50(2), 49-58. Full text

Olivier, B., Taljaard, T., Burger, E., Brukner, P., Orchard, J., Gray, J., Botha, N., Stewart, A., Mckinon, W. (2016). Which Extrinsic and Intrinsic Factors are Associated with Non-Contact Injuries in Adult Cricket Fast Bowlers? Sports Medicine, 46(1), 79-101. Abstract

Humphries, D., Orchard, J., Kountouris, A. (2015). Abdominal Wall Injuries at the Elite Level in Australian Male Professional Cricketers. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, Education and Research, 49(4), 155-158. Full text

Orchard, JW., Kountouris, A., Sims, K., Orchard, JJ, Beakley, D., Brukner, P. (2015). Change to injury profile of elite male cricketers in the T20 era. New Zealand Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(1), 13-17.

Orchard J, Blanch, P., Paoloni, J., Kountouris, A., Sims, K., Orchard, J., Brukner, P. (2015). Cricket fast bowling workload patterns as risk factors for tendon, muscle, bone and joint injuries. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(16), 1064-1068. Abstract

Blanch, P., Orchard, J, Kountouris, A., Sims, K., Beakley, D. (2015). Different tissue type categories of overuse injuries to cricket fast bowlers have different severity and incidence which varies with age. South African Journal of Sports Medicine, 27(4), 108-113. Full text

Olivier, B., Stewart, A., Taljaard, T., Burger, E., Brukner, P., Orchard, J., Grey, J., Botha, N., Mckinon, W. (2015). Extrinsic and intrinsic factors associated with non-contact injury in adult pace bowlers: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, 13(1), 3-13.

Orchard, JW., Blanch, P., Paoloni, J., Kountouris, A., Sims, K., Orchard, JJ, Bruckner, P. (2015). Fast bowling match workloads over 5-26 days and risk of injury in the following month. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(1), 26-30. Abstract

Orchard, JW., Kountouris, A., Sims, K., Orchard, JJ, Beakley, D., Brukner, P. (2015). Injury Report 2014 - Cricket Australia, (pp. 1 - 25). Australia, Australia.

Orchard, J., Down, S., James, T., Hoy, G., Young, D., Farhart, P., Ryan, M., Wheen, D., Kountouris, A. (2015). Surgeries performed in professional Australian male cricketers. New Zealand Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(1), 8-12.

Orchard, JW, Blanch, P., Kountouris, A., Sims, K., Orchard, JJ, Paoloni, J. (2014). Injury Report 2013 - Cricket Australia, (pp. 1 - 42). Jolimont, VIC, Australia: Cricket Australia.

Hulin, B., Gabbett, T., Blanch, P., Chapman, P., Bailey, D., Orchard, J. (2014). Spikes in acute workload are associated with increased injury risk in elite cricket fast bowlers. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(8), 708-712. Abstract

Orchard, J. (2013). Injury surveillance in cricket. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(10), 605-606. Abstract

Orchard J
, Dhilon M, Farhart P, Blanch P, Kountouris A. Injury data and arguments to support a rule change to allow substitutes in Test and first class cricket. Sports Physio [publication of the Australian Physiotherapy Association] . 2012; 4:19-23. Full PDF

Orchard J, James T, Kountouris A, Farhart P. Cricket Injuries. In: Sports Injuries. United States: Oxford University Press 2011. p. 506-510.

Orchard J, James T, Kountouris A, Portus M. Changes to injury profile (and recommended cricket injury definitions) based on the increased frequency of Twenty20 cricket matches. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 1:63-76. Abstract and link to free full text

Orchard J, Farhart P, Kountouris A, James T, Portus M. Pace bowlers in cricket with history of lumbar stress fracture have increased risk of lower limb muscle strains, particularly calf strains. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 1:177-182. Abstract and link to free full text

Orchard J, James T, Portus M, Kountouris A, Dennis R. Fast Bowlers in Cricket Demonstrate Up to 3- to 4-Week Delay Between High Workloads and Increased Risk of Injury. The American journal of sports medicine. 2009; 37:1186-92. Abstract

Orchard J, James T, Portus M. Injuries to elite male cricketers in Australia over a 10-year period. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2006; 9:459-67. Abstract

Orchard J, Newman D, Stretch R, Frost W, Mansingh A, Leipus A. Methods for injury surveillance in international cricket. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2005 Mar;8(1):1-14 Abstract

Orchard JW, Newman D, Stretch R, Frost W, Mansingh A, Leipus A. Methods for injury surveillance in international cricket. British Journal of Sports Medicine.2005 Apr;39(4):e22. Abstract Full text

Dennis R, Farhart P, Goumas C, Orchard J. Bowling workload and the risk of injury in elite cricket fast bowlers. Conference: Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport, Sydney Australia. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2003 Sep;6(3):359-67. Abstract

Orchard J, James T. Cricket Australia 2003 injury report. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2003 Dec;6(4):520-1.

Orchard JW, Alcott E, James T, Farhart P, Portus M, Waugh SR. Exact moment of a gastrocnemius muscle strain captured on video. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002 Jun;36(3):222-32002 (this paper is co-authored by the player in question, Steve Waugh) Abstract Full text

Orchard J, James T. ACB injury report 2001-02. 2002. Full text

Orchard J, James T, Alcott E, Carter S, Farhart P. Injuries in Australian cricket at first class level 1995/1996 to 2000/2001. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002 Aug;36(4):270-4; discussion 275. Abstract Full text

Orchard JW, James T, Kountouris A, Sim K, Blanch P, Orchard JJ. Cricket Australia 2011 Injury Report. Sport Health Autumn 2012 Full text

Orchard J. Aspects of medical care for Australian athletes competing in the Indian subcontinent, Sport Health, 2008, 26 (2): 34-37. Full text

AFL

Orchard, JW, Seward, H., Orchard, JJ. (2014). Australian Football League Injury Report 2013, (pp. 1 - 27). Melbourne, Australia: Australian Football League. Full text

Orchard, J., McCrory, P., Makdissi, M., Seward, H., Finch, C. (2014). Use of rule changes to reduce injury in the Australian Football League. Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica, 65(6), 355-364.

Orchard, JW., Seward, H., Orchard, JJ. (2013). Results of 2 Decades of Injury Surveillance and Public Release of Data in the Australian Football League. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(4), 734-741. Abstract

Orchard, JJ, Orchard, JW, Seward, H. (2013). A Comparison between Australian Football League (AFL) Injuries in Australian Indigenous versus Non-indigenous Players. Sports, 1, 69-77. Full text

Savage J, Winter M, Orchard J, Schenberg M. Incidence of facial fractures in the Australian Football League. ANZ J Surg. 2012 Oct;82(10):724-8 Abstract

Orchard JW, Driscoll T, Seward H, Orchard JJ. Relationship between interchange usage and risk of hamstring injuries in the Australian Football League. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2011 Dec 21. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract

Taylor CJ, Pizzari T, Ames N, Orchard JW, Gabbe BJ, Cook JL. Groin pain and hip range of motion is different in Indigenous compared to non-indigenous young Australian football players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2011 Jul;14(4):283-6. Epub 2011 Mar 27. Abstract

Orchard J, Seward H. 2010 Injury Report – Australian Football League. 2011. Full text

Gabbe B, Bailey M, Cook J, Makdissi M, Scase E, Ames N, Wood T, McNeil J, Orchard J. The Association Between Hip and Groin Injuries in The Elite Junior Football Years and Injuries Sustained During Elite Senior Competition. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 44:799-802. Abstract

Orchard J, Seward H. 2009 Injury Report – Australian Football League. 2010. Full text

Orchard, J., Seward, H. Decreased incidence of knee posterior cruciate ligament injury in Australian Football League after ruck rule change. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2009; 43:1026-30. Abstract

Orchard, J. Soft Tissue Injuries in the Australian Football League 1992-2008. United Kingdom: LAP, 2009. Amazon

Orchard J, Seward H. 2008 Injury Report – Australian Football League. 2009. Full text

Gabbe BJ, Bennell KL, Finch CF, Wajswelner H, Orchard JW. Predictors of hamstring injury at the elite level of Australian football. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 2006 Feb;16(1):7-13. Abstract

Seward HG, Orchard JW, Jowett AD. Football Australasia: controversies in 2003 (Conference Report). Medical Journal of Australia. 2004 Apr 5;180(7):321-2. Full text

Orchard J, Seward H. Epidemiology of injuries in the Australian Football League, seasons 1997-2000. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2002 Feb;36(1):39-44. Full text

Orchard J, Seward H. 2001 Injury Report – Australian Football League. 2002. Full text

Orchard JW. Benefits and risks of using local anaesthetic for pain relief to allow early return to play in professional football. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002 Jun;36(3):209-13. Abstract Full text (covers rugby league and AFL)

Orchard J. Is there a relationship between ground and climatic conditions and injuries in football? Sports Medicine. 2002;32(7):419-32. Review (comprehensive review of this topic) Full text (covers soccer, rugby union, rugby league, American football, Australian football and Gaelic football)

Orchard JW. Intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for muscle strains in Australian football. 5th IOC Conference on Sports Sciences, Sydney, Nov 1999. American Journal of Sports Medicine 2001 May-Jun;29(3):300-3.(shows that past history of muscle strain is related to future risk) Abstract

Orchard J
, Seward H, McGivern J et al. Intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament injury in Australian footballers. 5th IOC Conference on Sports Sciences, Sydney, Nov 1999. American Journal of Sports Medicine 2001 Mar-Apr;29(2):196-200. (shows that past history and weather conditions are risk factors for ACL injury) Abstract

Orchard J. The AFL Penetrometer study: Work in progress. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2001 Jun; 4(2):220-232. Abstract

Orchard J, Walt S, McIntosh A, Garlick D. Muscle activity during the drop punt kick. Journal of Sports Science. 1999; 17(10):837-838. Abstract

Orchard J, Seward H, McGivern J et al. Rainfall, evaporation and the risk of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury in the Australian Football League. Medical Journal of Australia. 1999 Apr 5;170(7):304. Abstract

Orchard JW, Read JW, Neophyton J et al. Groin pain associated with ultrasound finding of inguinal canal posterior wall deficiency in Australian Rules footballers. British Journal of Sports Medicine 1998 Jun; 32(2):134-139. Abstract Full text

Orchard J, Wood T, Seward H, Broad A. Comparison of injuries in elite senior and junior Australian football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 1998 Jun;1(2):83-8 Abstract

Orchard JW. Recurrent Hamstring Injury in Australian Football. [abstract] Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998; 30(5):S52. [ACSM conference poster] Full text

Hayes JEC, Orchard JW, Scougall PJ, Hargreaves IC, Garlick D. Management of scaphoid fractures in professional Australian Footballers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. [abstract] 1999, 31(5):S144. [ACSM conference poster] Full text

Orchard J, Marsden J, Lord S, Garlick D. Preseason hamstring muscle weakness associated with hamstring muscle injury in Australian footballers . Conference: Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Cincinnati, OH May 1996. American Journal of Sports Medicine 1996 Jan-Feb; 25(1):81-85. Abstract Full text

Seward HG, Orchard JW, Hazard H, Collinson DC. Frequency of bleeding in football. Medical Journal of Australia. 1993 Sep 6;159(5):353.

Seward H, Orchard J, Hazard H, Collinson D. Football injuries in Australia at the élite level. Medical Journal of Australia. 1993 Sep 6;159(5):298-301. Abstract (covers AFL, rugby league and rugby union)

Hayes JEC, Orchard JW, Scougall PJ, Hargreaves IC, Garlick D. Management of scaphoid fractures in professional Australian Footballers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. [abstract] 1999, 31(5):S144. [ACSM conference poster] Full text

Football (all other codes)

Shaw, L., Orchard, J., Saw, R., Finch, C. (2017). Injury surveillance in the professional football codes: an overview of current data collection, injury definition and reporting practices. Minerva Ortopedica e Traumatologica, 68(2), 110-123. Abstract

Orchard, J. (2015). Match of the decade: risk management of concussion versus high-speed collisions in the football codes. Medical Journal of Australia, 203(7), 281-282. Abstract

Waldén M, Hägglund M, Orchard J, Kristenson K, Ekstrand J. Regional differences in injury incidence in European professional football Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2011 Nov 3. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2011.01409.x. [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

Orchard J. Is there a relationship between ground and climatic conditions and injuries in football? Sports Medicine. 2002;32(7):419-32. Review (comprehensive review of this topic)
Full text (covers soccer, rugby union, rugby league, American football, Australian football and Gaelic football)

Orchard J, Steet E, Massey A, Dan S, Gardiner B, Ibrahim A. Long-Term Safety of Using Local Anesthetic Injections in Professional Rugby League. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 38:2259-66. Abstract

Orchard J, Dan S, Steet E, Cross M, Bokor D, Neve L, Carmichael J. Surgical procedures performed at an NRL club over 10 years. “Incidence and success rates of surgery in professional in rugby league”. Sport Health 27 (1) 2009 17-29. Full text

Orchard J. Management of muscle and tendon injuries in footballers. Australian Family Physician. 2003 Jul;32(7):489-93. Abstract

Orchard JW. Benefits and risks of using local anaesthetic for pain relief to allow early return to play in professional football. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002 Jun;36(3):209-13. Abstract Full text (covers rugby league and AFL)

Seward H, Orchard J, Hazard H, Collinson D. Football injuries in Australia at the élite level. Medical Journal of Australia. 1993 Sep 6;159(5):298-301. Abstract (covers AFL, rugby league and rugby union) Orchard JW, Powell JW. Risk of knee and ankle sprains under various weather conditions in American football. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2003 Jul;35(7):1118-23. Abstract

Orchard J, Seward H. Comparison of AFL Injury surveillance to other codes, Sport Health, 2009, 27 (2): 38-40. Full text

Orchard J, Hoskins W. Rugby league injuries at State of Origin level. Sport Health, 2007, 25 (2): 19-24 . Full text

Orchard J, Steet E, Walker C. Effect of limited interchange rule on players leaving the field at an NRL club, Sportslink, 2003. Full text

Hamstring and other muscle strains

Orchard JW, Kountouris A, Sims K. Risk factors for hamstring injuries in Australian male professional cricket players. Journal of Sport and Health Science. 2017/05/12/ 2017. Full text

Mueller-Wohlfahrt HW, Haensel L, Mithoefer K, Ekstrand J, English B, McNally S, Orchard J, van Dijk CN, Kerkhoffs GM, Schamasch P, Blottner D, Swaerd L, Goedhart E, Ueblacker P. Terminology and classification of muscle injuries in sport: The Munich consensus statement. Br J Sports Med. 2012 Oct 26. Abstract

Orchard J. Hamstrings are most susceptible to injury during the early stance phase of sprinting. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2012; 46:88-89.

Orchard JW, Driscoll T, Seward H, Orchard JJ. Relationship between interchange usage and risk of hamstring injuries in the Australian Football League. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2011 Dec 21. Abstract

Linklater J, Hamilton B, Carmichael J, Orchard J, Wood D. Hamstring Injuries: Anatomy, Imaging, and Intervention. Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology. 2010; 14:131-161. Abstract

Orchard J, Farhart P, Kountouris A, James T, Portus M. Pace bowlers in cricket with history of lumbar stress fracture have increased risk of lower limb muscle strains, particularly calf strains. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 1:177-182. Abstract and link to free full text

Orchard J, Best T, Mueller-Wohlfahrt H, Hunter G, Hamilton B, Webborn N, Jaques R, Kenneally D, Budgett R, Phillips N, Becker C, Glasgow P. The early management of muscle strains in the elite athlete: best practice in a world with a limited evidence basis. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2008; 42:158-159.

Gabbe BJ, Bennell KL, Finch CF, Wajswelner H, Orchard JW. Predictors of hamstring injury at the elite level of Australian football. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 2006 Feb;16(1):7-13.Abstract

Orchard J, Best TM, Verrall GM. Return to play following muscle strains. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.2005 Nov;15(6):436-41. [Review] Abstract

Orchard J. Management of muscle and tendon injuries in footballers. Australian Family Physician. 2003 Jul;32(7):489-93. Abstract

Orchard JW, Farhart P, Leopold C. Lumbar spine region pathology and hamstring and calf injuries in athletes: is there a connection? British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2004 Aug;38(4):502-4; discussion 502-4. Review. Abstract Full text

Orchard JW, Alcott E, James T, Farhart P, Portus M, Waugh SR. Exact moment of a gastrocnemius muscle strain captured on video. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002 Jun;36(3):222-32002 (this paper is co-authored by the player in question, Steve Waugh) Abstract Full text

Orchard J. Understanding some of the risks for soft tissue injury--a Malcolm Blight legacy? [editorial] Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.2002 Jun;5(2):v-vii. Full text

Orchard J, Best TM. The management of muscle strain injuries: An early return versus the risk of recurrence. [editorial] Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2002 Jan;12(1):3-5 Full text

Orchard J, Steet E, Walker C, Ibrahim A, Rigney L, Houang M. Hamstring muscle strain caused by eccentric isokinetic test [case history] Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2001 Oct;11(4):274-6. Full text

Orchard JW. Intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for muscle strains in Australian football. 5th IOC Conference on Sports Sciences, Sydney, Nov 1999. American Journal of Sports Medicine 2001 May-Jun;29(3):300-3.(shows that past history of muscle strain is related to future risk) Abstract

Orchard JW. Recurrent Hamstring Injury in Australian Football. [abstract] Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998; 30(5):S52. [ACSM conference poster] Full text

Orchard J, Marsden J, Lord S, Garlick D. Preseason hamstring muscle weakness associated with hamstring muscle injury in Australian footballers . Conference: Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Cincinnati, OH May 1996. American Journal of Sports Medicine 1996 Jan-Feb; 25(1):81-85. Abstract Full text

Tendinopathies and related conditions

Tennis elbow

Orchard J, Kountouris A. The management of tennis elbow. British Medical Journal. 2011; 342:d2687. Full text

Orchard J. Corticosteroid injection for lateral epicondylalgia is helpful in the short term, but harmful in the longer term; data for non-corticosteroid injections and other tendinopathies are limited. Evidence-based medicine. 2011; 16:116-7.

Insertional tendinopathy

Orchard JW, Cook JL, Halpin N. Stress-shielding as a cause of insertional tendinopathy: the operative technique of limited adductor tenotomy supports this theory. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2004 Dec;7(4):424-8. Review. Abstract

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP)

Samra, D., Orchard, J. (2015). Patterns of platelet-rich plasma use among Australasian sports physicians. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 1, 1-4. Full text

Paoloni J, De Vos R, Hamilton B, Murrell G, Orchard J. Platelet-rich plasma treatment for ligament and tendon injuries. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2011; 21:37-45. Abstract

Aprotinin

Orchard J, Massey A, Rimmer J, Hofman J, Brown R. Delay of 6 weeks between aprotinin injections for tendinopathy reduces risk of allergic reaction. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport .2008; 11:473-80. Abstract

Orchard J, Massey A, Rimmer J, Hofman J, Brown R Rochcongar P. Delay of 6 weeks between aprotinin injections for tendinopathy reduces risk of allergic reaction. Science & Sports. 2009; 24:186-191. Abstract [French translation]

Orchard J, Massey A, Brown R, Cardon-Dunbar A, Hofmann J. Successful Management of Tendinopathy with Injections of the MMP-inhibitor Aprotinin. Clinical orthopaedics and related research. 2008; 466:1625-32. Abstract Full text

Brown R, Orchard J, Kinchington M, Hooper A, Nalder G. Aprotinin in the management of Achilles tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2006 Mar;40(3):275-9. Abstract Full text

Other

Weir, A., Brukner, P., Delahunt, E., Ekstrand, J., Griffin, D., Khan, K., Lovell, G., Meyers, W., Muschaweck, U., Orchard, J., et al (2015). Doha agreement meeting on terminology and definitions in groin pain in athletes. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(12), 768-774. Abstract

Orchard, J. (2015). Men at higher risk of groin injuries in elite team sports: a systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(12), 798-802. Abstract

Orchard, J. (2015). The use of modern technology to treat lower limb tendinopathies. Sport Health, 33(2), 20-23.

Orchard J.
Biomechanics of Achilles tendinopathy and its relevance to management. Sport Health. 2014; 32 (1): 8-15. Full text

Orchard J. Plantar fasciitis. BMJ. 2012 Oct 10;345:e6603 Abstract Full text

Orchard JW, Fricker PA, Abud AT ,Mason BR. Biomechanics of iliotibial band friction syndrome in runners. American Journal of Sports Medicine. May-Jun 2004;24(3):375-379. Abstract

Orchard J. Management of muscle and tendon injuries in footballers. Australian Family Physician. 2003 Jul;32(7):489-93. Abstract

Del Buono A, Oliva F, Longo UG, Rodeo SA, Orchard J, Denaro V, Maffulli N. Metalloproteases and rotator cuff disease. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2012 Feb;21(2):200-8. Abstract

Paoloni, JA. Orchard JW. The use of therapeutic medications for soft-tissue injuries in sports medicine. MJA 2005; 183 (7): 384-388. Full text

Orchard J, Which Sports Medicine Conditions are NSAIDs and cortisone useful for? Sport Health, 2008, 26 (2): 11-12. Full text

Relationship between ground conditions and injuries

Twomey, D., Petrass, L., Orchard, J., Finch, C. (2014). Ground condition as a risk factor in sports injury aetiology studies: the level of concordance between objective and subjective measures. Injury Epidemiology, 1, 1-7. Full text

Orchard JW, Waldén M, Hägglund M, Orchard JJ, Chivers I, Seward H, Ekstrand J. Comparison of injury incidences between football teams playing in different climatic regions J Sports Med. 2013; 4: 251–260. Full text

Orchard J
, What does perennial ryegrass have in common with pinot noir?. Sport Health, 2012, 29 (4): 9-15. Full text

Orchard J. Why does Australia have a higher rate of knee reconstruction surgery than New Zealand (and Scandinavia) and what can we do about it?. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2011;14:276-7. Full text

Orchard J. The Relationship Between Ground Conditions and Injury in Football. Australia: LAP, 2009. Amazon

Orchard J, Rodas G, Til L, Ardevol J, Chivers I. A hypothesis: could portable natural grass be a risk factor for knee injuries?. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2008; 7:184-190. Full text

Orchard JW, Chivers I, Aldous D et al. Rye grass is associated with fewer non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries than bermuda grass. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2005 Oct;39(10):704-9. Abstract

Orchard JW. Potential to reduce the risk of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2005 Dec;33(12):1930; author reply 1930-1.

Orchard J, Seward H. Epidemiology of injuries in the Australian Football League, seasons 1997-2000. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2002 Feb;36(1):39-44. Full text

Orchard J. Is there a relationship between ground and climatic conditions and injuries in football? Sports Medicine. 2002;32(7):419-32. Review (comprehensive review of this topic) Full text

Orchard J, Seward H, McGivern J et al. Intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament injury in Australian footballers. 5th IOC Conference on Sports Sciences, Sydney, Nov 1999. American Journal of Sports Medicine 2001 Mar-Apr;29(2):196-200. (shows that past history and weather conditions are risk factors for ACL injury) Abstract

Orchard J. The AFL Penetrometer study: Work in progress. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2001 Jun; 4(2):220-232. Full Text

Orchard JW. Measurement of Football Ground Hardness using the Racetrack Penetrometer. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise [abs] 1999: 31(5): S354[ACSM conference poster] Full text

Orchard J, Seward H, McGivern J et al. Rainfall, evaporation and the risk of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury in the Australian Football League. Medical Journal of Australia. 1999 Apr 5;170(7):304. Abstract Full text

Orchard J, Chivers I, Aldous D. Seasonal and geographical analysis of ACL injury risk in Australia. Sport Health, 2005, 23 (4): 20-27. Full text

Orchard J, ACL Prevention in Norway and Australia. Sport Health, 2008, 26 (2): 17-22. Full text

ACL incidence and surgery

Orchard J. Why does Australia have a higher rate of knee reconstruction surgery than New Zealand (and Scandinavia) and what can we do about it?. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2011;14:276-7. Full text

Janssen KW, Orchard JW, Driscoll TR, van Mechelen W. High incidence and costs for anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions performed in Australia from 2003-2004 to 2007-2008: time for an anterior cruciate ligament register by Scandinavian model? Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2011 Jan 7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01253.x. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract

Orchard J. The Trade-off between Stability and Morbidity in Reconstructive Surgery. Sport Health. 2010; 28:13-18. Full text

Orchard J, When a tunnel downgrade is a surgical upgrade: why getting an ACL register in Australia is so crictical, Sport Health, 2009, 27 (2): 4-9. Full text

Local anaesthetic injections

Orchard J, Steet E, Massey A, Dan S, Gardiner B, Ibrahim A. Long-Term Safety of Using Local Anesthetic Injections in Professional Rugby League. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 38:2259-66. Abstract

Orchard JW. Is it safe to use local anaesthetic painkilling injections in professional football? Sports Medicine. 2004;34(4):209-19. Abstract

Orchard JW. Benefits and risks of using local anaesthetic for pain relief to allow early return to play in professional football. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2002: 36:209–213. Full text

Orchard J. The use of local anaesthetic injections in professional football. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2001 Aug;35(4):212-3. Full text

General sports medicine including editorials

Finch, C., Cook, J., Kunster, B., Akram, M., Orchard, J. (2017). Subsequent Injuries Are More Common Than Injury Recurrences. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(8), 1921-1927. Abstract

Orchard, J. (2017). Systematic review is the highest level of evidence for knee osteoarthritis injection options, not expert society guidelines. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 61(7), 622. Abstract

Soligard, T., Schwellnus, M., Alonso, J., Bahr, R., Clarsen, B., Dijkstra, H., Gabbett, T., Gleeson, M., Hägglund, M., Orchard, J., et al (2016). How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(17), 1030-1041. Full text

Schwellnus, M., Soligard, T., Alonso, J., Bahr, R., Clarsen, B., Dijkstra, H., Gabbett, T., Gleeson, M., Hägglund, M., Orchard, J., et al (2016). How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(17), 1043-1052. Full text

Orchard JJ, Orchard JW (2016). Legacy of international sporting events [letter to the editor]. CMAJ, 188(6), 451-451. Full text

Finch, C., Cook, J., Gabbe, B., Orchard, J. (2015). A new way of categorising recurrent, repeat and multiple sports injuries for injury incidence studies - the Subsequent Injury Categorisation (SIC) model. Australasian Epidemiologist.

Orchard, JJ, Orchard, JW, Neubeck, A., Semsarian, C. (2015). The Use of Smartphone ECGS in Sports and Exercise Medicine. Sport Health, 33(2), 38-41.

Orchard, J. (2015). Translating evidence-based sports medicine into clinical practice: time to point the finger at doctors as much as at patients with respect to knee arthroscopy. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(19), 1224-1225. Abstract

Finch, C., Orchard, J., Twomey, D., Saleem, M., Ekegren, C., Lloyd, D., Elliott, B. (2014). Coding OSICS sports injury diagnoses in epidemiological studies: does the background of the coder matter? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(7), 552-556. Full text

Orchard, J. (2013). Research on products such as artificial turf is potentially exposed to the same types of industry bias as research on pharmaceuticals. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(12), 725-726. Abstract

Orchard J
. Function, function, function. Sport Health. 2012; 30 (2):7-9. Full text

Orchard J. More research is needed into the effects on injury of substitute and interchange rules in team sports. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2011 Nov 8. [Epub ahead of print]

Orchard J, Phelps K. Sports Medicine. In: General Practice: The Integrative Approach. Australia: Elsevier Australia 2011. p. 637-647.

Orchard JJ, Orchard JW, Driscoll T. Comparison of sports medicine, public health and exercise promotion between bidding countries for the FIFA World Cup in 2018. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 44:631-6. Abstract

Orchard J, Why is Australia a world leader in Sports Medicine, Sport Health 2010 28(1) 6-12. Full text.

Paoloni J, Milne C, Orchard J, Hamilton B. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in sports medicine: guidelines for practical but sensible use. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2009; 43:863-5. Abstract

Orchard J "You might not see them but they see you" Sport Health 2009, 27 (1): 6-10. Full text

Orchard J, The Evolution of Philosophies in Professional Sports Medicine [online]. Sport Health, Vol. 27, No. 3, 2009 Spring: 6-12 Full text

Orchard J. Occasional piece: On the value of team medical staff - can the 'Moneyball' approach be applied to injuries in professional football?. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2009; 43:963-5. Abstract

Orchard J. Why glucocorticoids should be removed from the World Antidoping Agency's list of banned products. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2008; 42:944-5.

Orchard J. For debate: Should observational clinical studies require ethics committee approval?. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2008; 11:239-42. Abstract

Orchard J. Preventing sports injuries at the national level: Time for other nations to follow New Zealand's remarkable success. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2008; 42:392-3.

Orchard J, Leeder S, Moorhead G, Coates J, Brukner P. Australia urgently needs a federal government body dedicated to monitoring and preventing sports injuries. Medical Journal of Australia. 2007; 187:505-506. Full text

Orchard J, Hoskins W. For debate: consensus injury definitions in team sports should focus on missed playing time. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2007; 17:192-196. Abstract

Orchard J, Coates J, Moorhead G. How a national sports injury body could work in Australia. Sport Health, 2007, 25 (4): 11-15. Full text

Orchard J "Will a Nobel ever be awarded to someone in sports medicine or science?" Sport Health 2006, 23 (4): 4-6. Full text

Orchard J. Time for sport and health to be formally linked in a positive way. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2006; 9:211-3. Abstract

Orchard J, Fricker P, White S, Burke L, Healey D. The use and misuse of performance-enhancing substances in sport. Medical Journal of Australia. 2006; 184:132-6. Full text

Orchard JW. Specialty training should not be exclusively hospital-based. Medical Journal of Australia. 2006 Jan 16;184(2):92. Full text

Orchard JW, Brukner PD. Sport and exercise medicine in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia. 2005 Oct 3;183(7):383. Full text

Orchard J. Sport is more important to health than most realise. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2004 Jun;7(2):iv-v.

Orchard J. Health insurance rebates in sports medicine should consider scientific evidence. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2002 Dec;5(4):v-viii.

Orchard J. Who owns the information? Databases of injuries in professional sport are valuable resources which should not suffer confidentiality restraints. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002 Feb;36(1):16-8. [Review] Full text

Orchard J. Why the world needs a good Australian sports science and sports medicine journal. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport .2002 5: viii-x Full text

Orchard JW, Finch CF. Australia needs to follow New Zealand's lead on sports injuries. Medical Journal of Australia. 2002 Jul 1;177(1):38-9.[Editorial] Full text

Orchard JW, Fricker PA, Brukner P. Sports medicine for professional teams. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 1995;5(1):1-3.

Orchard JW, Best JP. Test violent offenders for anabolic steroid use. Medical Journal of Australia. 1994 Aug 1;161(3):232.

Sports radiology

Orchard, J. (2014). What role for MRI in hamstring strains? An argument for a difference between recreational and professional athletes. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(18), 1337-1338. Abstract

Orchard, JJ, Orchard, JW, Grenfell, T., Mitchell, A. (2014). Ionising radiation: three game-changing studies for imaging in sports medicine. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(8), 677-678. Abstract

Orchard, J. The use of match day imaging in professional sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 44:1134.

Linklater J, Hamilton B, Carmichael J, Orchard J, Wood D. Hamstring Injuries: Anatomy, Imaging, and Intervention. Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology. 2010; 14:131-161. Abstract

Neve L, Orchard J, Gibbs N, van Mechelen W, Verhagan E, Sesel K, Burgess I, Hines B. An exploration of fluoroscopically guided spinal steroid injections in patients with non-specific exercise-related lower-limb pain. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 1:183-190. Abstract and link to full text

Orchard JW, Read JW, Anderson IJ. The use of diagnostic imaging in sports medicine. Medical Journal of Australia. 2005 Nov 7;183(9):482-6. [Review] Abstract Full text

Orchard JW, Read JW, Neophyton J et al. Groin pain associated with ultrasound finding of inguinal canal posterior wall deficiency in Australian Rules footballers. British Journal of Sports Medicine 1998 Jun; 32(2):134-139. Abstract Full text (shows that weakness of inguinal wall is associated with groin pain)

Most often cited (H-Index of 33 as of 2017)


The most cited papers include:

  1. Seward H, Orchard J, Hazard H, Collinson D. Football injuries in Australia at the élite level. Medical Journal of Australia. 1993 Sep 6;159(5):298-301. Abstract

  2. Orchard J, Seward H. Epidemiology of injuries in the Australian Football League, seasons 1997-2000. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2002 Feb;36(1):39-44. Full text

  3. Orchard J, Marsden J, Lord S, Garlick D. Preseason hamstring muscle weakness associated with hamstring muscle injury in Australian footballers . Conference: Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Cincinnati, OH May 1996. American Journal of Sports Medicine 1996 Jan-Feb; 25(1):81-85. Abstract Full text

  4. Orchard JW. Intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for muscle strains in Australian football. 5th IOC Conference on Sports Sciences, Sydney, Nov 1999. American Journal of Sports Medicine 2001 May-Jun;29(3):300-3. Abstract

  5. Orchard JW, Read JW, Neophyton J et al. Groin pain associated with ultrasound finding of inguinal canal posterior wall deficiency in Australian Rules footballers. British Journal of Sports Medicine 1998 Jun; 32(2):134-139. Abstract Full text

  6. Orchard J, Best TM. The management of muscle strain injuries: An early return versus the risk of recurrence. [editorial] Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2002 Jan;12(1):3-5 Full text

  7. Orchard J, Seward H, McGivern J et al. Intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament injury in Australian footballers. 5th IOC Conference on Sports Sciences, Sydney, Nov 1999. American Journal of Sports Medicine 2001 Mar-Apr;29(2):196-200. (shows that past history and weather conditions are risk factors for ACL injury) Abstract

  8. Orchard JW, Fricker PA, Abud AT ,Mason BR. Biomechanics of iliotibial band friction syndrome in runners. American Journal of Sports Medicine. May-Jun 2004;24(3):375-379. Abstract

  9. Orchard J, James T, Alcott E, Carter S, Farhart P. Injuries in Australian cricket at first class level 1995/1996 to 2000/2001. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002 Aug;36(4):270-4; discussion 275. Abstract Full text

  10. Orchard J, Seward H, McGivern J et al. Rainfall, evaporation and the risk of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury in the Australian Football League. Medical Journal of Australia. 1999 Apr 5;170(7):304. Abstract

  11. Orchard J. Is there a relationship between ground and climatic conditions and injuries in football? Sports Medicine. 2002;32(7):419-32. Review (comprehensive review of this topic) Full text

  12. Orchard JW, Powell JW. Risk of knee and ankle sprains under various weather conditions in American football. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2003 Jul;35(7):1118-23. Abstract

  13. Orchard J, Best TM, Verrall GM. Return to play following muscle strains. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.2005 Nov;15(6):436-41. [Review] Abstract

  14. Dennis R, Farhart P, Goumas C, Orchard J. Bowling workload and the risk of injury in elite cricket fast bowlers. Conference: Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport, Sydney Australia. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2003 Sep;6(3):359-67. Abstract

  15. Gabbe BJ, Bennell KL, Finch CF, Wajswelner H, Orchard JW. Predictors of hamstring injury at the elite level of Australian football. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 2006 Feb;16(1):7-13.Abstract

  16. Orchard JW, Newman D, Stretch R, Frost W, Mansingh A, Leipus A. Methods for injury surveillance in international cricket. British Journal of Sports Medicine.2005 Apr;39(4):e22. Abstract Full text

  17. Orchard J, James T, Portus M. Injuries to elite male cricketers in Australia over a 10-year period. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport . 2006; 9:459-67. Abstract

  18. Orchard JW, Chivers I, Aldous D, Bennell K, Seward H. Rye grass is associated with fewer non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries than bermuda grass. Br J Sports Med. 2005 Oct;39(10):704-9. Abstract

  19. Orchard JW, Best TM, Mueller-Wohlfahrt HW et al. The early management of muscle strains in the elite athlete: best practice in a world with a limited evidence basis. Br J Sports Med. 2008 Mar;42(3):158-9. Abstract

  20. Orchard J, Hoskins W. For debate: consensus injury definitions in team sports should focus on missed playing time. Clin J Sport Med. 2007 May;17(3):192-6. Abstract

  21. Brown R, Orchard J, Kinchington M, Hooper A, Nalder G. Aprotinin in the management of Achilles tendinopathy: a randomised controlled trial. Br J Sports Med. 2006 Mar;40(3):275-9. Abstract

  22. Paoloni JA, Orchard JW. The use of therapeutic medications for soft-tissue injuries in sports medicine. Med J Aust. 2005 Oct 3;183(7):384-8. Abstract

  23. Rae K, Orchard J. The Orchard Sports Injury Classification System (OSICS) version 10. Clin J Sport Med. 2007 May;17(3):201-4. Abstract

  24. Orchard JW, Newman D, Stretch R, Frost W, Mansingh A, Leipus A. Methods for injury surveillance in international cricket. Br J Sports Med. 2005 Apr;39(4):e22. Abstract

  25. Orchard J, Massey A, Brown R, Cardon-Dunbar A, Hofmann J. Successful management of tendinopathy with injections of the MMP-inhibitor aprotinin. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008 Jul;466(7):1625-32. Abstract